Among the malignant diseases of the oropharynx, tonsil cancer is quite rare and mainly in men. The disease is characterized as rapidly developing and metastasizing, therefore, at the first suspicion of a tumor, it is important to consult with a doctor urgently. Foreign clinics offer cancer patients with high-quality diagnostics, a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to treatment, the use of modern methods, which gives high chances of recovery. Which countries are most successful in the treatment of malignant tumors of the tonsils and what methods are used there – explained by the medical experts of MediGlobus.
WHAT IS CANCER OF TONSILS
Tonsils are located in the area of the tongue, palate, pharynx and are an accumulation of lymphoid tissue. Cancers of the pharyngeal (50%) and palatine (34.5%) tonsils are more often diagnosed, neoplasms in the tongue (6.5%) and larynx (2.8%) are less common. In most cases, the disease takes the form of squamous cell carcinoma.Main symptoms of tonsillar cancer are:
- sore throat;
- radiating to the ear;
- trouble swallowing;
- appearance of blood and pus in the saliva;
- bad breath;
- inflammation of the trigeminal nerve;
- general weakness;
- dizziness and and nausea.
DIAGNOSTICS OF TONSILLAR CANCER IN CLINICS ABROAD
To select the appropriate and effective protocol for the treatment of cancer of the tonsils, it is necessary to accurately determine the location of the tumor, the type of cancer and its specificity, lymph node involvement, and the presence of metastases.For this, in foreign clinics there are the latest models of instrumental diagnostic tools:
- ultrasound devices.
Specialists study in detail the tumor and its structure, as well as nearby tissues and other internal organs.To exclude the presence of metastases in the jaw tissue, an orthopantomography is performed (panoramic scan of the jaw bones). An examination of the throat is carried out using endoscopy, and during the procedure, the specialist takes a tissue sample for histological examination.
Most large medical centers abroad have their own laboratories, which are equipped with powerful analyzers and high-quality reagents.
With the help of these, all types of investigations are promptly carried out, including the study of pathological cells for genetic mutations. Therefore, diagnosis abroad takes only 2-3 days while more complex tests – up to 7-9 days. Usually the diagnosis of malignant tumors of the tonsils is not difficult. The neoplasm is quite easy to detect during a routine examination by an ENT doctor. Therefore, in order to exclude the development of the disease at the very initial stages, doctors recommend being examined at least once a year, and for people having risk factor – 2 times a year. With early detection of tonsil cancer, the prognosis is favorable – positive treatment results are observed in 70-95% of patients.
TREATMENT OF TONSILLAR CANCER ABROAD
In foreign hospitals, the results of the examination and treatment regimen of each patient are discussed in a medical consilium in which several doctors participate. Therefore, the probability of mistakes is practically absent. In addition, several doctors of various specialties are also involved in the treatment process – an oncologist, otolaryngologist, surgeon, chemotherapist, radiotherapist and others.
It is possible to achieve high survival rates for patients with malignant tumors of the tonsils in clinics abroad thanks to the use of latest international protocols that include a set of therapeutic measures to achieve maximum effect, preserving organs and functions (breathing, swallowing, speech).
The treatment regimen depends on the stage of tonsil cancer, the size of the tumor, its location and damage to other organs.
In the first stage of tonsillar cancer abroad, radiation therapy is usually given. Clinics are equipped with powerful modern equipment for radiosurgery and linear accelerators from well-known brands. The main advantage of such equipment is targeted irradiation of pathological tissues and low trauma to healthy tissues. This allows them to increase the radiation dose and destroy the tumor with maximum effect.
Innovative methods of radiotherapy are also available abroad, which are established as the safest and most effective. For example, for the treatment of tonsil cancer, brachytherapy is performed. A capsule with a radiation source is placed inside or near the tumor. The substance gradually destroys pathological cells, practically without injuring healthy tissues. Such treatment lasts from several days to several months and is almost without side effects.
Surgical removal of a tumor
Surgical removal of a tumor of the tonsils remains the most effective method. If surgery is recommended to the patient, chemotherapy or radiation sessions are preliminarily prescribed to reduce the size of the neoplasm. In addition, chemotherapy is prescribed for inoperable forms of cancer in order to improve the well being and prolong life’s quality. The drugs used to treat cancer patients in leading clinics abroad are of the highest quality, less toxic and easily tolerated. After surgery, radiotherapy is usually performed to remove residual cancer cells.
Laser removal of a tumor
Small-size tumors are easily removed using a laser. Such an operation is gentle and in most cases does not require hospitalization, since there is practically no risk of bleeding and other complications.
Reconstruction of the tongue
In more complex cases, with extensive lesions of tissues and organs, resection of the tumor along with tissues of the palate, tongue or larynx is required. After such an intervention, reconstructive operations are carried out abroad, for example, reconstruction of the tongue, which allows the patient to be able to eat and talk normally.
The other advantage of treating tonsillar cancer abroad is the availability of innovative methods of treatment, for example:
The essence of the method is the introduction into the bloodstream or the administration of photosensitizers that accumulate in cancer cells. Then a light beam is sent to the affected area, which activates the substance. This, in turn, leads to the destruction of atypical cells and a decrease in the tumor occur.
Destruction of the neoplasm occurs through its exposure to low temperatures. The procedure does not take much time and is safe and painless, therefore it is often used to treat the initial stages of cancer in children.
WHICH CLINICS FOR TONSILLAR CANCER TREATMENT ARE RECOMMENDED BY MEDIGLOBUS:
- University Hospital Quirónsalud Madrid;
- University Hospital of Catalonia;
- Hospital Quironsalud Torrevieja.
- Assuta Medical Center;
- Sourasky Medical Center;
- Chaim Sheba Medical Center.
- Liv Hospital;
- Koc University Hospital.
- Medical Park.
- Soon Chun Hyang University Hospital;
- Anam University Hospital;
- Samsung Medical Center.
If you are interested in treatment abroad, contact MediGlobus. Leave your phone number by clicking on the button below, and soon a medical specialist will contact you who will answer all your questions.
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